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fair for it), he would be startled to see the reflection of that lunar world which his active fancy had peopled with gay inhabitants and covered with proud cities like our own. Let the reader turn to Dr. Robinson's animated description of its true image, as seen in the great speculum-a horrid alternation of cloudless crags and streamless ravines—and he will perceive that, if indeed it harbour a population not disemboclied, they must be Troglodytes ; a Cyclopean commonwealth, who dwell in gloomy caverns, heated by the volcanic furnaces whose chimneys rise over the jagged surface. But even poetic astronomers could easily part with such theories as these. The sorest loss which Scientific Romance had to endure was in the region of the Nebulæ—that region which, from its dim remoteness, seemed peculiarly her own. There philosophers, since the days of the elder Herschel (whose generalisations, always grand, were sometimes hasty), had loved to recognise the stuff that worlds are made off,” and trace (as the phrase went) o the process of creation actually going on.” In plain words, it was supposed that those Nebulæ which previous telescopes had been unable to resolve into clusters of stars, were matter condensing into stars; which, when thus formed, drew fresh nebulous matter to them, and grew bigger and bigger by incorporating it with their own mass. But when the penetrating scan of Lord Rosse's instrument was directed upon these imaginary workshops. of creation, it was perceived that not worlds, but human powers of observation needed growth; and as Nebula after Nebula was resolved into clusters of stars, ready made and of full stature, the warmest lovers of the theory began to feel their faith give way, and prepared themselves, with a sigh, for the construction of some new hypothesis.
Such then is the structure, and such the uses, of the monument which a resident Irish nobleman has raised in his own native land to the honour of himself, his country, and his species. The very mass of the erection strikes the unskil. ful spectator with amazement; but this is the least part of the marvel. The brute-force of Titans piling Pelion upon Ossa, to scale heaven, is but a vulgar sublimity. It is the power which dwells in knowledge that affects the thoughtful mind most strongly: It is reflection upon the inental power, which, combining the resources of so many sciences, made way for the attainment of so splendid an object as the survey of the universe; it is this reflection, and not its giant proportions, which gives to the great telescope its real grandeur.
But it must not be forgotten that, while, with the many, Lord Rosse is thought of only as a great astronomer, there are others who contemplate him from a different point of view, and lose sight of the astronomer in the political economist. In both characters his turn of mind is eminently practical; but he has found statesmen less yielding material to his plastic touch than the metal of his specula. Had the advice of the philosophic patriot been listened to, the crushing blow of the present wretched poor-law would have been averted from this country. As it is, Parsonstown and its vicinity have been saved, by his influ. ence, from that ruinous system of out-door relief, which has spread pauperism and demoralisation wherever it has prevailed.
One feature, and one only, remains to complete the portrait of a truly great man; and that is given when we add, in conclusion, that, with Lord Rosse's singular powers of intellect and acquirements of knowledge, are combined the modesty of sober wisdom, the calmness of regulated passions, and the integrity of sterling worth. He realises that union of moral with intellectual greatness, which Ovid, not finding in his contemporaries, was forced to fancy in the old astronomers :
“ Felices animos quibus hæc cognosccre primis,
Inque domos superas scandere cura fuit!
Altius humanis exeruisse caput.
Officiumque fori militioæque labor ;
Mognarumve fames solicitavit opum.
Etheraque ingenio supposuere suo,"
In the latter years of the last century, his son appointed to an infantry regi. two youths, Ferdinand von Hallberg, ment, and he was ordered immediately and Edward von Wensleben were re- to join the staff in a small provincial ceiving their education in the military town, in an out-of-the-way mountainacademy of Marienvheim. Among their ous district. This announcement fell schooltellows they were called Orestes like a thunderbolt on the two friends; and Pylades, or Damon and Pythias, but Ferdinand considered himself by on account of their tender friendship, far the more unhappy, since it was orwhich constantly recalled to their dained that he should be the one to schoolfellows' minds the history of sever the happy bond that bound them, these ancient worthies.
Both were and to inflict a deep wound on his sons of officers, who had long served loved companion. His schoolfellows the state with honour, both were des- vainly endeavoured to console him by tined for their fathers' profession, both calling his attention to his new comaccomplished and endowed by nature mission, and the preference which had with no mean talents. But fortune been shown him above so many others. had not been so impartial in the dis- He only thought of the approaching setribution of her favours-Hallberg's paration; he only saw his friend's grief, father lived on a small pension, by and passed the few remaining days means of which he defrayed the ex- that were allowed him at the academy penses of his son's schooling at the by Edward's side, who husbanded cost of the government; while Wens- every moment of his Ferdinand's sosleben's parents willingly paid the ciety with jealous care, and could not handsomest salary in order to ensure bear to lose sight of him for an instant. to their only child the best education In one of their most melancholy hours, which the establishment afforded. This excited by sorrow and youthful enthudisparity in circumstances at first pro- siasm, they bound themselves by a duced a species of proud reserve, mysterious vow, namely, that the one amounting to coldness, in Ferdinand's whom God should think fit to call first deportment, which yielded by degrees from this world should bind himself (if to the cordial affection that Edward conformable to the Divine will) to give manifested towards him on every oc- some sign of his remembrance and af. casion. Two years older than Edward, fection to the survivor. of a thoughtful and almost melancholy The place where this vow was made turn of mind, Ferdinand soon gained was a solitary spot in the garden, by a considerable influence over his weak- a monument of grey marble, overshaer friend, who clung to him with al- dowed by dark firs, which the former most girlish dependence.
director of the institution had caused Their companionship had now lasted to be erected to the memory of his with satisfaction and happiness to both, son, whose premature death was refor several years, and the youths had corded on the stone. formed for themselves the most de. Here the friends met at night, and lightful plans—how they were never by the fitful light of the moon they to separate, how they were to enter pledged themselves to the rash and the service in the same regiment, and fancitul contract, and confirmed and if a war broke out, how they were to consecrated it the next morning, by a fight side by side and conquer, or die religious ceremony;
After this they together. But destiny, or rather Pro. were able to look the approaching sevidence, whose plans are usually op- paration in the face more manfully, posed to the designs of mortals, had and Edward strove hard to quell the me. ordained otherwise for the friends than lancholy feeling which had lately arisen they anticipated.
in his mind on account of the constant Earlier than was expected, IIallberg's foreboding that Ferdinand expressed of father found an opportunity to have bis own early death. "No," thought
Edward, “his pensive turn of mind and half had passed, the battalion his wild imagination cause him to re- to which he belonged was ordered to proach himself without a cause for my another station, and he had to part sorrow and his own departure. Oh, with many friends. The first letter no, Ferdinand will not die early-he which he wrote after this change, bore will not die before me. Providence the impression of impatience at the will not leave me alone in the world.” breaking up of a happy time. Edward
found this natural enough; but he was The lonely Edward strove hard to surprised in the following letters to console himself, for after Ferdinand's detect signs of a disturbed and desul. departure, the house, the world itself, tory state of mind, wholly foreign to seemed a desert ; and absorbed by his his friend's nature. The riddle was own memories, he now recalled to mind soon solved. Ferdinand's heart was many a dark speech which had fallen touched for the first time, and, perfrom his absent friend, particularly haps, because the impression had been in the latter days of their intercourse, made late, it was all the deeper. Unand which betokened but too plainly a favourable circumstances opposed presentiment of early death. But time themselves to his hopes: the young and youth exercised, even over these lady was of an ancient family, rich, and sorrows, their irresistible influence. betrothed since her childhood to a Edward's spirits gradually recovered relation, who was expected shortly to their tone; and as the traveller always arrive in order to claim her promised has the advantage over the one who hand. Nothwithstanding this engageremains behind, in respect of new ob- ment, Ferdinand and the young girl jects to occupy his mind, so had become sincerely attached to each Ferdinand even sooner calmed and other, and had both resolved to dare cheered, and by degrees he became everything with the hope of being engrossed by his new duties, and new
They pledged their troth in acquaintances, not to the exclusion, secret; the darkest mystery enveloped indeed, of his friend's memory, but not only their plans, but their affecgreatly to the alleviation of his own tions; and as secresy was necessary to
It was natural, in such cir- the advancement of their projects, cumstances, that the young oflicer Ferdinand entreated his friend to forshould console himself sooner than give him if he did not entrust his poor Edward. The country in which whole secret to a sheet of paper that Hallberg found himself was wild and had at least sixty miles to travel, and mountainous, but possessed all the which must pass through so many charms and peculiarities of “far off"" hands.
It was impossible from his districts—simple, hospitable manners, letter to guess the name of the person old-fashioned customs, many tales and or the place in question. “You know legends which arise from the credulity that I love,” he wrote, “ therefore you of the mountaineers, who invariably know that the object of my secret lean towards the marvellous, and love passion is worthy of any sacrifice ; for to people the wild solitudes with in- you know your friend too well to visible beings.
believe him capable of any blind inFerdinand had soon, without seek fatuation, and this must suflice for the ing for it, made acquaintance with present. No one must suspect what several respectable families in the we are to each other; no one here or town; and, as it generally happens in round the neighbourhood must have such cases, he had become quite do. the slightest clue to our plans. An mesticated in the best country houses awful personage will soon make his in the neighbourhood; and the well- appearance among us. His violent mannered, handsome, and agreeable temper, his inveterate obstinacy (acyouth was welcomed everywhere. The cording to all that one hears of him) simple, patriarchal life in these old are well calculated to confirm in her mansions and castles—the cordiality a well-founded aversion. But family of the people, the wild, picturesque arrangements and legal contracts exist, scenery, nay, the very legends them- the fulfilment of which the opposing selves were entirely to Hallberg's taste. party are bent on enforcing. The He adapted himself easily to his new struggle will be hard-perhaps, unsucmode of life, but his heart remained cessful; nothwithstanding, I will strain tranquil. This could not last. Before every nerve. Should I fall, you must
console yourself, my dear Edward, had hitherto proved a regular and with the thought, that it will be no frequent correspondent. misfortune to your friend to be de- Another fortnight dragged heavily prived of an existence rendered mi. on, and at length the announcement serable by the failure of his dearest came in an official form. Lieutenant hopes, and separation from his dearest von Hallberg had been invited to the friend. Then may all the happiness castle of a nobleman whom he was in which heaven has denied me be vouch- the custom of visiting, in order to be safed to you and her, so that my spirit present at the wedding of a lady ; may look down contentedly from the that he was indisposed at the time, realıns of light, and bless and protect that he grew worse, and on the third
morning had been found dead in his Such was the usual tenor of the bed, having expired during the night letters which Edward received during from an attack of apoplexy. that period. His heart was full of Edward could not finish the letter, anxiety-he read danger and distress it fell from his trembling hand. To in the mysterious communications of see his worst fears realised so suddenly, Ferdinand; and every argument that overwhelmed him at first. His youth affection and good sense could suggest withstood the bodily illness which would did he make use of, in his replies, to have assailed a weaker constitution, turn his friend from this path of peril and perhaps mitigated the anguish of which threatened to end in a deep lus grief. He was not dangerously abyss. He tried persuasion, and urg: ( ill, but they feared many days for his him to desist for the sake of tuoir reason; and it required all the kind long-tried affection. But when did solicitude of the director of the college, passion ever listen to the expostula- combined with the most skilful meditions of friendship?
cal aid, to stem the torrent of his Ferdinand only saw one aim in life- sorrow, and to turn it gradually into a the possession of the beloved one. All calmer channel, until by degrees the else faded from before his eyes, and mourner recovered both health and even his correspondence slackened ; reason. Ilis youthful spirits, however, for his time was much taken up in had received a blow from which they secret excursions, arrangements of all never rebounded, and one thought lay kinds, and communications with all heavy on his mind which he was unmanner of persons; in fact every action willing to share with
person, of his present life tended to the further- and which, on that account, grew more ance of his plan.
and more painful. It was the memory All of a sudden his letters ceased. of that holy promise which had been Many posts passed without a sign of mutually contracted, that the survior life. Edward was a prey to the great- was to receive some token of his est anxiety; he thought his friend had friend's remembrance of him after staked and lost. He imagined an death. Now two months had already elopement, a clandestine marriage, a passed since Ferdinand's earthly career duel with a rival, and all these casual- had been arrested, his spirit was free, ties were the more painful to conjec- why no sign? In the moment of death ture, since his entire ignorance of the Edward had had no intimation, no real state of things gave his fancy full message from the passing spirit, and range to conjure up all sorts of mis- this apparent neglect, so to speak, was fortunes. At length, after many more another deep wound in Edward's posts had come in without a line to breast. Do the affections cease with pacify Edward's fears, without a word life? Was it contrary to the will of in reply to his earnest entreaties for the Almighty that the mourner should some news, he determined on taking a taste this consolation ? Did indivistep which he had meditated before, duality lose itself in death, and with it and only relinquished out of consider- memory? Or did one stroke destroy ation for his friend's wishes. He wrote spirit, and body? These anxious to the officer commanding the regi- doubts, which have before now agitated ment, and made inquiries respecting many who reflect on such subjects, the health and abode of Lieutenant exercised their power over Edward's von Hallberg, whose friends in the mind with an intensity that none can capital had remained for nearly two imagine save one whose position is in months without news of him, he who any degree similar.
Time gradually deadened the inten- recovered it; darkness came on sooner sity of his affliction. The violent than in other places, walled in as they paroxysms of grief subsided into a
were by dark mountains, with dark deep but calm regret; it was as if a clouds above their heads. It was out mist had spread itself over every ob- of the question to dream of reaching ject which presented itself before him, Blumenberg that night; but in this robbing them indeed of half their hospitable land, where every housecharms, yet leaving them visible, and holder welcomes the passing traveller, in their real relation to himself. Edward was under no anxiety as to During this mental change the autumn shelter. He only wished, before the arrived, and with it the long-expected night quite set in, to reach some coun. commission. It did not indeed occasion try house or castle; and now that the the joy which it might have done in storm had abated in some degree, that former davs, when it would have led the heavens were a little clearer, and to a meeting with Ferdinand, or at all that a few stars peeped out, a large events to a better chance of meeting, valley opened before them, whose bold but it released him from the thraldom outline Edward could distinguish, even of college, and it opened to him a wel. in the uncertain light. The wellcome sphere of activity. Now it so defined roofs of a neat village were happened that his appointment led him perceptible, and behind these, halfaccidentally into the very neighbour- way up the mountain that crowned the hood where Ferdinand had formerly plain, Edward thought he could disresided, only with this difference, that cern a large building which glimEdward's squadron was quartered in mered with more than one light. The the lowlands, about a short day's jour- road led straight into the village. Edney from the town and woodlanu ward stopped and inquired. environs in question.
That building was, indeed, a castle ; He proceeded to his quarters, and the village belonged to it, and both found an agreeable occupation in the were the property of the Baron Frieexercise of his new duties.
denberg. Friedenberg !" repeated He had no wish to make acquaint Edward: the name sounded familiar tances, yet he did not refuse ihe in- to him, yet he could not call to mind vitations that were pressed upon him, when and where he had heard it. He lest he should be accused of eccentri- inquired if the family were at home, city and rudeness ; and so he found hired a guide, and arrived at length, himself soon entangled in all sorts of by a rugged path which wound itself engagements with the neighbouring round steep rocks, to the summit of gentry and nobility. If these so-called them, and finally to the castle, which gaieties gave him no particular plea- was perched there like an eagle's nest. sure, at least for the time they diverted The tinkling of the bells on Edward's his thoughts; and, with this view, he sledge attracted the attention of the accepted an invitation (for the new inmates; the door was opened with year and carnival were near at hand) prompt hospitality-servants appeared to a great shooting-match which was with torches ; Edward was assisted to to be held in the mountains-a spot emerge from under the frozen apron which it was possible to reach in one of his carriage, out of his heavy pelisse, day, with favourable weather and the stiff with hoar frost, and up a comfortroads in a good state. The day was able staircase into a long saloon of appointed, the air tolerably clear; a simple construction, where a genial mild frost had made the roads safe and warmth appeared to welcome him from even, and Edward had every expecta- a spacious stove in the corner. The tion of being able to reach Blumenberg servants here placed two large burning in his sledge before night, as on the
candles in massive silver sconces, and following morning the match was to went out to announce the stranger. take place. But as soon as he got The fitting-up of the room, or rather near the mountains, where the sun re- saloon, was perfectly simple Family tires so early to rest, snow-clouds portraits, in heavy frames, hung round drove from all quarters, a cutting the walls, diversified by some maps. wind came roaring through the ravines, Magnificent stags' horns were arranged and a heavy fall of snow began. between ; and the taste of the master Twice the driver lost his way, and of the house was easily detected in the daylight was gone before he had well hunting-knives, powder-flasks, car