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Art. XIX. Les Voyageurs en Perse, &c.; i. e. The Travellers in

Persia. By Mad. Gacon-DUFOUR. 12m0. 3 Vols Paris. 1809. NOTWITHSTANDING some palpable absurdities which occur

in the narrative, this production possesses considerable merit; and though we apprehend that it is altogether a work of fiction, the author has given such an air of probability to the recitals of her travellers, and has collected so many amusing and interesting documents relative to the country which they explore, that she not only preserves the illusion of their journey, but conveys a portion of general information with regard to the customs and antiquities of Persia.

Whether the maxims which are cited in Vol. III. p. 158. be taken from Persian originals, or have owed their birth to the ingenuity of the present author, we think that their merit will apologize for our inserting a few of them :

• The discourse of the wise may be distinguished from that of the foolish, because the former tends to peace, and the latter to altercation.

• A man deserves to be considered as wise as long as he seeks after wisdom, but when he thinks that he has attained it he is a fool.

• A Sage being asked who had taught him wisdom, he answered, “ I learnt it from the Blind, who never set down their feet till they have tried the ground."

• An Arab, who was asked how he knew that there was a God, replied, “ In the same manner that I know from the traces in the sand, whether a man or a beast has passed over it.”

The story which is interwoven with these Travels has little to recommend it. The episodes are numerous, because every Frenchman in the book chuses on his first introduction to relate the history of his life; and these specimens make us rejoice that this communicative disposition does not extend to the Persians, though in other respects they resemble each other very closely. No difference of national character is perceptible ; the dramatis personæ are all French ; a Persian fair one acts and writes like a French coquette ; the modern French terms are deemed so preferable to any other, that the servant of the antient Persian Sage Lokman is called his “ valet de chambre;” and whithersoever the « Travellers in Persia' direct their steps, they profess to find an affection and respect for the French nation. ostensible narrator, Mons. de Longueil, also displays an excess of complaisance in the disposal of his heart, which is difficult for an English reader to imagine.

Madame Gacon-Dufour was not long since introduced to our readers, (Vol. 53, p. 542.) as the author of several works on rural and domestic economy, and on preserving the health of country-people; and from the evidence also of the present volumes, we may conclude that she is not merely a good housewife, a Lady Bountiful, but that she possesses a cultivated mind. 6


The To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.

N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.


vations on his fate supposed to
ABOUKIR, battle of, misre. be influenced by ideas of the

presented by a French wri- possibility of his being placed
ter, 541.

in similar circumstances, 232.
Acids, experiments on the decom- Arrests for debt, regulations re-
position of, 358.

lative to, 28.
Africa, coast of, lamentable ac- Arteries. See Young.

count of shipwrecks on, and of Atlas mountains, in Barbary, ac-

the fate of the crews, 198. count of, 189.
Agriculture, state of, in early times
in this country, 60.

dlari, Abbé, a friend and corre. Banks, Sir Joseph, on the intro-
spondent of Ld. Bolingbroke,

duction of the potatoe, and on
ill requited by that nobleman, Indian hill-wheat, 268. On
456. His interview with New- inuring tender plants to our
ton, 458.

climate, 269. Un managing
Alcuin, an accomplished British strawberries, 271. On the

monk of the eighth century, crawberry, 272. Onthe Spanish
his classic taste asserted, 184. chesnut, 274. On the forcing-
His favour with Charlemagne, houses of the Romans, ib

Barthélény. St. or Kænigssée,
Alkalies. See Davy.

description of that lake, 480.
Amiable, the English epithet, and Baths, warm, antient and mo.

aimable, the French, material dern, observations on, 281-
difference in the application of 253 431.
those terms, 488.

Bell, Dr., comparison of his
Animalcules, in fluids, remarks on, scheme of education with that

of Mr Lancaster, 333.
Apophthegms, said to be Persian, Biggs, Mr., on some new apples,
specimen of, 544:

Apples, new sorts of, account of, black, Dr, his labours not suffi.
271, 273, 274.

ciently appreciated by French
Arabic, peculiar difficulties of that

physiologists, 525
language, 197

Blair, Dr., his illiberal reflections
Arches, invention of, observations on Reviews, 393. note.
on, 265, 266.

Blood, circulation of, in insects,
Architecture, ecclesiastical. See

observations on. 117.

Boa Constrictor; account of that
Argonautica, of C. Valerius Flac-

formidable snake, 19.
cus, remarks on. 38.

kulingbroke, Lord, specimens of
Argyle, Earl of, Mr. Fox's obscr- original letters of, and obs. on
APP. Re :: VOL.


I 20


his writings and character, 450 Christ, comparison of, with Mo-

ses, 378.
Brain, dropsy of, account of that Christianity, arguments in proof
disease, 132.

of the truth of, 376.
Brocoli, early purple, on the cul. Churches, and religious structures,
ture of, 273.

among the Saxons, observations
Brodie, Mr., on a human fætus on, 258, & seq.
without a heart, 360.

Churchill, bon-mot of, respecting
Bruce, Mr., the Abyssiniau travel- Warburton, u.

ler, biographical account of, Clergyman, important qualifica-
386. Prof. Hartmann's cha- tions for the office of, 283, 284.
racter of, 391.

Climate. See Plants.
Buenos Ayres, statistical and de- Constantinople. See Rome.

scriptive particulars of, 87 -- Conversion, doctrine of, Dr. Pa.

ley's remarks on, 57.
Bulls. See Pardors.

Copenhagen, attack of, by Lord
Buonaparte, his plan for cutting Nelson, poetically described,

off the army of Sir John 213.
Moore, 80, 81.

Corn-laws, historical particulars
Burns, the poet, farther particu- of, 60–64.

lars of, and of his writings, Cotton.plant, account of experi-

ments to introduce the culture

of, in France, 495.

Cranberry, American, successfully
Capillary-action, additional obser- cultivated by Sir Jos. Banks,
vations on, by M. La Place, 272.

Creditor. See Debtor.
Caravans, African, description of, Crocuses on the culture of, 274.

and of the entire destruction of Crusades to the Holy Land, in-

one by thirst in 1805, 200. teresting view of their benefi-
Carshalton-church, account of, cial influence on European civi-

lization, 466–473.
Castlereagh, Lord, letters to, from Cuttle-fish, eight armed, remarks

Sir John Moore, 72, 75, 78.
83, 84.

Cuvier, M., his oration on the
Cavalry, British, important re- progress of physical science,

marks on their dress, 317. 523•
Celts, and Goths, considerations

respecting, 172,173.

Dahlia, observations on that beau.
Chance, and Chances, remarks on tiful shrub, 272, 273.
the doctrine of, 420, 421.

D'Alembert, letter to, from Mon-
Charlemagne, his patronage of Al- tesquieu, 491. His singular
cuin, and his

great zeal for the connection with Mademoiselle
promotion of learning, 185. de l’Espinasse, curiously illus.
Humorous anecdote of, 186. trated by the discovery of his
Hisexpedition into Spain made relationship to her, 492.
the subject of a poem on Spa- Davy, Mr, on the analysis of al-
nish Heroism, 236.

kalies, phosphorus, &c. 356.
Chesnut, Spanish, on the manage. D’Aydie, Chevalier, portrait of,
ment of, 274.

by Madame du Deffand, 490.
Children, Mr. on a Voltaic appa. Debtor and Creditor, rem, on the
ratus, 356.

laws relative to, 204, 205.


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on, 118.

flax, 271.

Deffand, Marquise du, her cha- Forcing-Houses, observations on,

racter, and specimens of her 272. Account of those of the
correspondence, 487-492.

Romans, 274.

Defoe, Daniel, said not to have on the form of, 276.

been the author of Robinson Forms, religious, remarks on, by
Crusoe, 220.

Dr. Paley, 56.
Delambre, M. his oration on the Fox, Charles James, biographi-
progress of science, 5 22.

cal particulars of, 42-52.
Dickson, Mr., on the Brassica Na- Testimonies to his character
pus, 270.

from different sources, 226–
Downton-Pippin, account of, 274. 233. Observations on his His-
Dragoons. See Cavalry.

tory, by Dr. Parr, 231, 232.
Dropsy of the brain. See Brain. Frere, Mr. his communications
Dunbar, Mr. on the culture of with Sir John Moore, 74–


Friendship, Roman, recipe for

making, 295
Earthquake in St. Domingo, de- Fruits, new and early, observa-
scribed, 533.

tions on producing, 270. Cul-
Edinburgh, very favourably de- tivated by the Romans, 275.

scribed, 14.' Customs of the Fruit-trees, on training, 272.

students at the university, 16.
Education, historical account of
the different systems of, in

Germany, 515-521:

Galvanic apparatus, on the con-
Elective Attractions, table of, 359. struction of, 356.
Eloquence. See Oratory. Gauls, extravagant encomiums
Emigrants, French, their absurd

on, by a modern Frenchman,
conduct, 162, 167.

England, King of. See Garge George III. King of England,

curious account of the Duke
Espinasse, Mlle. de l', discarded de Nivernois' audience of, in
by Madame du Deffand, associ.

1762, 513.
ates with D'Alembert, 492. Gesture, in oratory. See Oratory,
Curious account of her rela. Goths, see Celts.
tionship to him, ib. Her amo- Grafting walnuts aod other trees,
rous character, 493. Droll advantages of, 271.
mixture of her love-complaints Granger, Mr., his letters to Horace
-and pains in her bowels, 494. Walpole, 292, 293. Miscel-

laneous observations by, 294.

His Biographical History con-
Faculties, human, the excellence

tinued, 297
of, displayed, 129.

Grapes, forcing-house for, 272.
Fas, or Fez, account of that On the early maturation of,
City, 193

Fish, in ponds, a material article Greasing sheep, recommended as
in Sussex, 145.

a preservative of wool, 383.
Flax, cultivation of, in flower- Greek, modern, peculiarities of,

gardens recommended, 271. compared with the antient lan-
Fleece, gollen, see Argonautica. guage, 99.
Fatus, human, without a heart, Gustavus III. King of Swedeu,
account of, 300.

supposed particulars of his

Nn 2 aliena.

alienation from and reconcilia- Hurd, Bishop, particulars of his

tion with his Queen, 218. friendship with Warburton, and
Gustavus IV. anecdote of, 219. obligations to him, 1.-31

Hyena, anecdotes relative to

that animal, 189.
Hamilton, Lady, the frequent
model of Romney the painter,

I and J

Insanity, remarks on the defini.
Mr. Gerard, some parti. tion of, 276. Causes of, 279.
culars of his life, 346. et seq.

Management of, 280.
Haworth, Mr. on the cultivation Insects, circulation of the blood
of crocuses, 274.

in, remarks on, 117.
Heart, on the functions of the, Instruments, astronomical, &c. on

dividing them, 363.
account of a human Interest. See Money.
fætus without that organ, 360. Intervertebral substance, in fish, &c.
Hénault, President, letter to, from on the nature of, 362.
Montesquieu, 491.

Iron and Steel, account of the pro-
Henry, Philip, anecdotes of, 3c0. cesses employed in the manu.
Hervilly, Comte de, his appoint. facture of, 149-155.

ment as second in command in Juries, Special, remarks on, 22.
the Quiberon expedition said to
have been fatal to it, 1.1.

Hicks, Dr. account of, ?99. Kesteloot, Dr. publishes and adds
Hill-wheat, from India, account notes to the Orations of the

French savans on the progress
History, liters on, by Lord

of science, 522.
Bolingbroke,geim of that work Knight, Mr. A. his general obs.

in one of Lord B.'s letters, 455. on Horticulture, 267. On pro-
Holland, first Lord, character of, ducing new and early fruits,

270. On varieties of the Po-
Holl, Sir Jolin, biographical par- tatue, 271. On grafting Wal-
ticulars of, 301.

nut and other trees, ib. On
Home, Mr. on the intervertebral training fruit-trees, 272. OA
substance in fish, 362.

forcing-houses, ib. On hot-bed
Horne, Bishop, anecdotes and say.

frames, 274

On the Down-
ings collected by him, 442. ton pippin, ib. On the onion,
Horticulture, the improvement of, 275. On the Alpine strawber-
made the object of a society of

On the prach, ib.
Gentlemen, who are incorpo- On the origin of roots, 361.
rated by royal charter, 265.
Account of their Transactions,


Lancaster, Mr., his scheme of
Hot-bed frames, on the construc- Education compared with that
tion of, 274

of Dr. Bell, 333. Patronized
Hot houses. See Forsing Houses. by the King, 334 note.
Hume, Mr. corrected in his ideas Langlon, Walter de, Bishop of

respecting chance, 420. Sup- Lichfield in 1296, account ef,
posed by a French writer to 4 26.
have discontinued his history Language, of the New Testament,
through compulsion, and Smol- important remarks on, 286,
let's continuation to have been 287
mutilated, 455


of, 269

ry, 276.

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