« PredošláPokračovať »
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit :,
District Clerk's Office.
JNO. W. DAVIS,
" XXIII. 34. piaculal luna “ piacula nulla
III. VIII. 8. after aures put a period
“ Parthians “ Scythians
THE LIFE OF HORACE.
Quintus HORATIUS FLACCUS was born at Venusium in Apulia, sixty-four years before Christ. His father was a freedman, and collector of the revenue; and gave his son a liberal education at Rome and Athens. Horace, when a young man, attached himself to Brutus, and was in the battle of Philippi, with the rank of military tribune. He fled in the rout of that day, and was taken prisoner ; but obtained a pardon, and afterwards was distinguished by the favour and friendship of Mæcenas. He filled the office of a clerk to the treasury; and assisted the emperor as his private amanuensis. This appears from the fragment of a letter from Augustus to his minister. “I used to be equal to the writing of my own letters ; but I am now so pressed with a multiplicity of business, and so infirm, that I wish you to bring me our friend Horace.
Let him come, then, and leave that parasitical table for my palace, and assist me in writing my letters.” Another fragment of a letter from Augustus to Horace, is expressed in terms of the most easy and playful familiarity. “ Dionysius has conveyed your little volume to me; which, not to quarrel with its brevity, I take in good part. But you seem to me fearful, lest your works should be bigger than yourself. However, what you want in height, is made up to you by that little round body of yours. You should, therefore, write such a roll, as may go, not round a stick, but a quart measure; and then the circumference of your volume may be squab and swollen, like the’rotundity of your little belly.” This is a pleasing personal trait. Horace has, himself, given us some interesting hints of his person and manners. He was gray before his time; fond of basking in the sun; and of taking a siesta on the bank of a river. He speaks of breaking stones and turning up the ground, when in the country; and when in town, of sauntering in the market, or riding out on a dock-tailed mule, which he sat awkwardly. He dined on a pancake and vegetables ; and divided the rest of the day between reading and writing, the bath and the tennis-court. He was subject to a defluction in the eyes; as was Virgil to a complaint of asthma; and Augustus used to rally the two poets,