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Aithe creation the original of mankind was in two persons, law, and is applied to the forcible taking away of
But in this kind, to come in brauing armes, but after the flood, their propagation issued at least from six; a wife or child; and to common kidnapping.
Be his owne carver, and cut out his way, against this we might very well set the length of their lives
To find out right with wrongs-it may not be before the flood, which were abbreviated after, and in half If beholding a candle, we protrude either upward or And you that doe abett him in this kind this space contracted into hundreds and threescores. downward the pupil of one eye, and behold it with one, it Cherish rebellion, and are rebels all. Brown. Vulgar Errours, b.vi. c. 6. will then appear but single ; nd if we abduce the eye unto
Shakespeare. Rich. II. Act ii. sc. 3. This book was composed after two old examples of the
either corner, the object will not duplicate. same kind, in the times of Ethelbert and Alfred, and was
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 20.
I am not ignorant that Cicero, in defence of his own na
tion, tells vs, our people, by defending their associates, laid up as sacred in the church of Winchester; and for that The other remaining offence, that of kidnapping, being became masters of the world; but I would willingly be inreason, as graver authors say, was called Liber Domus Dei, the forcible abduction or stealing away of a man, woman, formed, whether or no, they did not often set their associutes and by abbreviation, Domesday Book.
or child, from their own country, and sending them into to complaine without a cause, or abet them in vnjust qriar. Sir Wm. Temple. An Introduction to the Hist. of Eng. another, was capital by the Jewish law.
rels.-Hakewill. Apologie, p. 452.
Blackstone. Com. b. iv. c. 15. A'BCEDARY, ABCEDARIAN, or Abbecedarian, a term applied to those compositions whose parts ABE'AR, v.) See Bear. Applied to
I would represent unto his Majesty, that when the prin
cipal reason of their excuse should cease, namely, these are disposed in alphabetical order; also to a teacher
ABE'ARYNG. The bearing or carriage, de- fresh stirrings so near them, which seemed to require their of the rudiments of learning. portment, conduct, or behaviour.
abetment, then they would give us more particular satisfacThis (communication is pretended from the sympathy
The noun Abearyng has been succeeded in mo
tion.-Reliquia Wottonianæ, p. 542. of two needles touched with the saine loadstone, and placed dern writers on English law by Abearance. See Yet Christian laws allow not such redress; in the center of two abecedary circles or rings with letters Blackstone, b. iv. c. 18.
Then let the greater supersede the less. described round about them, one friend keeping one and
But let th' abetters of the panther's crime another the other, and agreeing upon the hour wherein Vpon assurance takyn of the said Hunyldus, that there
Learn to make fairer wars another time. they will communicate.-Brown. Vulgar Ertours, b. ii. c. 3. after he shulde be of good aberynge to warde the kyng, he
Dryden. Hind and the Panther, pt. 3. clerely forgaue vnto hym all his former offence. Moses received the first alphabetarie letters in the table
Fabyan. Cronycles, c. 154. That which demands to be next considered is happiness; of the Decalogue: and from the Hebrues the Phænicians. Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. i. c. 17. So did the Faery Knight himself abeare,
as being in itself most considerable ; as abetting the cause And stouped oft, his head from shame to shield:
of truth; and as being indeed so nearly allied to it, that When he (Thomas Parnabie) landed in Cornwall, his No shame to stoupe, ones head more high to reare,
they cannot well be parted. distresses made him stoop so low, as to be abcedarian, And much to gaine, a little for to yield:
Wollaston. Religion of Nature, sec. 2. and several were taught their horn-books by him. So stoutest knights doen oftentimes in field.
Would you, when thieves are known abroad,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 12. Bring forth your treasures in the road ?
Would not the fool abet the stealth,
Who rashly thus exposed his wealth ?
Gay. Fables, pt. ii. Fab. 12. A'BDICANT. dirn, right,) to go from a right. as birds feed their young by inserting their beak.
ABHOʻR, v. Fr. Abhorrer ; It. Abborrire ; To go from, quit or leave, put away from, or “ Abbecher. To feed as birds do their young ;
ABHO'rrence. Sp. Abhorecer; Lat. Ab-horrcre. deprive of, that which has been possessed by law to put into the mouth of.” Cotgrave.
ABHOʻRRENT. See HORROUR. Met. or right.
ABHO'RRER. To dislike or detest, to loath, To resign, to disclaim, to renounce, to dispossess.
But might I getten as ye tolde,
to disdain, to abominate. O Saviour, it was ever thy manner to call all men unto
Me fede with hir gladde semblaunt,
But sins so great is thy delight to here
Of our mishaps and Troyès last decay: whom thou seemest for the time to abdicale. And for the tyme well refresshed.--Gower. Con. A. b.v.
Though to record the same my minde abhorres,
And plaint eschues: yet thus wil I begyn. Bishop Hall. Contemp. Walke upon the Waters. ABE'D, a. On bed. (See Bed.)
Surrey. Virgile, b. ii. 28th Jan. 1688 1689.- At length the house came to this grand resolution :---Resolved, That king James the second, Some radde, that hii ssoide wende in at on hepe,
For he that rayleth agaynste an other man's faultes having endeavoured to subvert the constitution of the king
To habbe inome hom vnarmed, and some abedde aslepe. appeareth fyrste of all to abhorre from those vices, whiche dom, by breaking the original contract between king and
R. Gloucester, p. 547. he misliketh in others.-U dall. Erasmus. St. James, c. 4. people, and, by the advice of Jesuits, and other wicked Hir kyrtell, and hir mantell eke.
King. I may perceiue persons, having violated the fundamental laws, and having Abrode vpon his bedde he spredde;
These cardinals trifle with me: I abhorre withdrawn himself out of this kingdom, has abdicaled the And thus thei slepen both a bedde. --Gower. Con. A. b.v.
This dilatory sloth, and trickes of Rome. government, and that the throne is thereby become vacant. The sullen night had her black curtain spread,
Shakespeare. Henry VIII. Act il.
Lowring that day had tarried up so long,
Be gentle graue vnto me, rather on Nylus mudde matter, and the nature of it, do agree, that if there be any She all the heav'n with dusky clouds had hung.
Lay me starke-nak'd, and let the water-flies word or action, that doth sufficiently manifest the inten
Drayton. Barons' Wars, b. iii.
Blow me into abhorring; rather make
My countries high pyramides my gibbet,
And hang me vp in chaines.
Id. Ant. and Cleo. Act v. sc. 2. It may be farther observed, that parents were allowed to
Spenser. Shepherd's Calendar.
He who wilfully abstains from marriage, not being super. he reconciled to their children, but after that could never Howbeit he (Lycurgus) advised her to go her full time, naturally gifted; and he who, by making the yoke of marriage abdicate them again.---Potter. Antiq. of Greece, b. iv. c. 15. and to be brought abed in good order, and then he would unjust and intolerable, causes men to abhor it, are both in a Great Pan, who wont to chase the fair,
find means enough to make away the child that should diabolical sin, equal to that of Antichrist, who forbids to And lov'd the spreading oak, was there; be born.---North. Plutarch, p. 34.
marry.--Milton. Tetrachordon. Old Saturn too, with upcast eyes, Beheld his abdicated skies.
ABE'RRANCE. Lat. Ab-errare, to stray or We see in many cases, that time and calmer consideraAddison. To Sir Godfrey Kneller.
ABERRA'TION, wander from. A wandering tlons, together with different customs, which, (like the tide The mortification of unreasonable desires, the suppression
or flood) insensibly prevail over both manners and minds of
men; do oft take off the edge and keenness of men's spirits of irregular passions, the loving and blessing our enemies,
Applied to the errors or mistakes of the mind ; against those things, whereof they soinetimes were great the renouncing worldly vanities and pleasures, the re- Words neither much used, nor much wanted. abhorrers.-Bp. Taylor. Artif. Hands. p. 134. joicing in afllictions, the voluntary abdication of our estates in some cases, yea, exposing life itself to inevitable hazard For though there were a fatality in this year, [" the great
Then wanton fulness vain oblivion brought, and loss, are not chimerical propositions of impossible per- climactrical year, that is, sixty-three") yet divers were,
And God, that made and sav'd thee, was forgot : formances; but duties really practicable.
and others might be out in their account, aberring several While gods of foreign lands, and rites abhorr'd, Barrow. Ser. vol. iii. 8.2. wayes from the true and just compute, and calling that one To jealousies and anger mov'd the Lord.
Parnell. Gift of Poetry. What is all righteousness that men devise ?
year, which perhaps might be another. What, but a sordid bargain for the skies?
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 12.
That which constitutes an object of contempt to the maleBut Christ as soon would abdicate his own,
And therefore they not only swarm with errors, but vices volent, becomes the object of other passions to a worthy and As stoop from heav'n to sell the proud a throne.
depending thereon, Thus they commonly affect no man good-natured nian: for, in such a person, wickedness and Couper. Truth.
any further than he deserts his reason, or complies with vice must raise hatred and abhorrence. The consequences drawn from these facts (namely, that their aberrancies.-Id. Ib. b. i. c. 3.
Fielding. Covent Garden Journal, No. 61. they amounted to an abdication of the government; which abdication did not affect only the person of the king him
So, then we draw near to God, when, repenting us of our Yet from Leonidas, thou wretch, inur'd self, but also of all his heirs, and rendered the throne abso
former aberrations from him, we renew our covenants with To vassalage and baseness, hear. The pomp, lutely and completely vacant) it belonged to our ancestors him.-Bishop Hall. Sermon. James iv. 8.
The arts of pleasure in despotic courts
I spurn abhorrent. In a spotless heart to determine.--Blackstone. Con. b. i. c. 3.
I look for pleasure.--Glover. Leonidas, b. X.
ABE'TMENT. melius reddere, says Skinner.) | tion, so abhorrent to our stricter principles, was received
This legal, and, as it should seem, injudicious profanaDaniel eat pulse by choice---example rare !
ABETTER. To better, to make better. Ap- with a very faint murmur, by the easy nature of polytheisit, Heav'n bless'd the youth, and made him fresh and fair. plied to the encouraging, inciting, assisting, sup
Gibbon. Roman Enupire, c. 3. Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, porting, aiding, causing to beat, or become better.
Wherever the church and court party prevailed, addresses Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan. And thus
were framed, containing expressions of the highest regard Cowper. Progress of Error.
To better, to aid, assist, support--the designs of. to his Majesty, the most entire acquiescence in his wisdom, ABDU'CE, v. 2 Lat. Abducere, ( Ab-ducere,)
the most dutiful submission to his prerogative, and the ABDU'CTION. I am thine Eme, the shame were to me
deepest abhorrence of those who endeavoured to encroach. As wel as the, if that I should assent
upon it, by prescribing to him any time for assembling the To draw, bring, or take away from; to withdraw.
Through mine abet yt he thine honour shent.
parliament. Thus the nation came to be distinguished into
An. 1680. The noun is much used by writers on English
Chaucer. Troilus, b. Ü. fol. 159. 1 petitioners and abhorrers.-Hume. England.
} to lead from.
ABI'DE. A. S. Abidan, Bidan; D. Bey- Quene of the regne of Pluto, derke and lowe,
ABJU'RE, v. Fr. Abjurer ; It. Abjurare ;
Goddesse of maydens, that min herte hast knowo
(Ab jurare,) to swear from, to forswear. See the
quotation from Hobbs,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2305.
To go away from, or leave: to disown, to dis-
claim, to renounce (upon oath).
He wolde doone his sacrilege,
R. Gloucester, p. 122.
lög time. And dyuers daies wer his iudges fayn of their
fauour to geue hym with sufferance of some his best frendes,
and who he most trusted to resort into him. And yet
scantly could al this make him submitte himself to make
Allthough the people agilte nought.--10. b. vii.
hys abiuracion.-Sir T. More. Works, p. 214.
Which when his brother saw, fraught with great griefe In this season were banished out of Southwarke XII
Scottes, whiche had dwelt there a long season, and wer
And fouly said, by Mahoune, cursed thiefe,
That direfull stroake thou dearely shalt aby.
conueied frö parishe to parishe by the constable, like men
yt had abiured the realme, and on their vttermost garment
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. viii.
a white crosse before and another behynd them.
Hall. Chrort. Hen. VIII. an. 14.
Por euen now
Beaum.&Fletch, Knight of the Burning Pestle, Act iii. sc. I. I put my selfe to thy direction, and
De. Disparage not the faith thou dost not know,
Vnspeake mine own detraction. Heere abjure
The taints and blames I laide vpon my selle
For strangers to my nature.
Shakespeare. Mac. Act iv. sc. 3.
ABJE'CT, v. Fr. Abject; It. Abjetto; Lat. Did not one of them rather leave his inmost coat behind
. of ab- him, than not be quit of thee? Did not another of them
deny thee, yea abjure thee? And yet thou saycst, Go tell
jicere, ( Ab-jacere,) to cast, or
my brethren !-Bp. Hall. Contemp. The Resurrection.
throw away from; to cast
Ph. And what is abjuration ?
La. When a clerk heretofore was convicted of felony, he
Abject, v. To cast away, to might have saved his life by abjuring the realm ; that is, by
cast off or out, to cast down. departing the realm within a certain time appointed, and
taking an oath nerer to return.
The nouns, adjective, and adverbs, have a con-
Hobbs. A Dialogue of the Common Laws.
And thereupon [he] took the oath in that case provided,
Base, lowly, servile, worthless, despicable, mean,
viz. that he abjured the realm, and would depart from thenco
forthwith, at the port that should be assigned him, and
would never return without leave from the king.
Blackstone. Com. b. iv. c. 26.
oute of the Frenche courte, was in a greate agony, and muche A Jacobite, who is persuaded of the pretender's right to
For that offence only [disobedience) Almighty God abjected renunciation of all opinions in favour of the claim of the
the oath of abjuration follows, which contains an express
Saul, that he shulde no more reigne ouer Israel.
exiled family.---Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. iii. c. 18.
ABLACTATION. Lat. (of the lower age,)
called Pathmos, exiled for the gospel-preaching, and made Ablactatus. (Ab-lacte, depulsus), driven from the
a vile abject for testifying the name and word of Jesus Christ milk : applied (formerly) met. to a mode of
Bale. Image of both Churches. grafting. See the quotation,
The audacite and bolde speche of Daniel signifyeth the
Grafting by approach or ablactation is to be performed
when the stock you would graft on, and the tree from which
you would take your graft, stand so near together that they
Joye. The Exposicion of Daniel, c. 5.
may be joined.--Miller. Gardener's Dict. In v. Grafting.
Jesus calleth the home frõ this affeccion, to ye contem-
ABLAQUEATION. Lat. Ablaqueatio: from
Udal. Luke c. 9. fol. 296. Ablaqueare, to dig about and lay bare the roots of
Evelyn affected such Latinisms.
poore man, abiccting and casting off all worldly rule and Now is the time for ablaqueation, and laying bare the
honour.-State Trials. 2 Rich. II. 1388. Abp. York. roots of old, unthriving, and over-hastily blooming trees ,
stirring up new-planted grounds, as directed in March.
The damzell straght went, as she was directed
Evelyn. The Gardener's Alm. October.
Vnto the rock; and there, vpon the soile
Ablaqueation now profitable, and to visit the roots of olu
ABLATION? Fr. Ablation ; Lat. Ablatio :
A'BLATIVE. } from Ablatum, (See COLLATF,)
A taking away, or depriving.
Shakespeare. Tam. of Sh. Act i. sc. 3. Ablative, that can or may take away.
Prohibition extends to all injustice, whether done by
Id. Rich. IIT. Act i. sc. 3.
force, or fraud; whether it be by ablation, or prevention,
Or in this abject posture have ye sworn
or detaining of rights; any thing, in which injury is done
directly or obliquely to our neighbour's fortune.
Bp. Taylor. Great Exemplar, p. 2, $ 37.
But where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, abla-
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. i. tive directions are first needfull to unteach error, ere we
But is it credible, that the very acknowledgment of our
can learne truth.
Bp. Hall. Sermon. The Deceit of Appearance.
Goth. 'Abal, strength: and
hence the Lat. terminations in
bilis, and our own in ble. See
ABILITY. To give force, power, strength;
dangerously sick: such an influence the troubles and sorrows
A'BLY. to strengthen, to empower; and,
as we now say, to enable.
The verb, to able, appears to have been in as
Are mortals urg'd, through sacred lust
of praise ! common usage in ancient writers, as to enable is
Pope. Essay on Criticism. in modern, and with similar applications.
Nor did he sooner see the hoy approaching the vessel than Hable and Hability are in the old writers as
he ran down again into the cabin, and, his rage being per- commonly found as able and ability.
That if God willinge to schewe his wraththe, and to mako
Fielding. Voyage to Lisbon. his power knowun, hath suffrid in greet pacience vessels of
wraththe able into deeth, to schewe the richessis of his | Dort, call the decree of God, whereby he hath appointed, in name, which in Latine is called Felix, and in our English
glorie into vessels of merci whiche he made redi into glorie. and by Christ to save those that repent, believe and perse- tongue, Happie.Stow. Chronicle. East Angles.
Wiclif. Romayns, c. 9. vere, Decretum annunciatioum, &c.-Id. Via Media.
What strange ominous abodings and fears do many times
For no doute to dreade to offende God, and to loue to
please him in all thing quyckeneth and sharpeneth all the
Fr. Ablution; It. Abluzione : on a sudden seize upon men, of certain approaching evils,
wittes of Christes chosen people: and ableth them so to Sp. Ablucion ; Lat. Ablutio : from abluere, (Ab- where-of at present there is no visible appearance,
grace, they joye greatly to withdrawe heir eares, and luere,) to wash from.
A washing off or away from; cleansing, purifying. ABOʻLISH, v.
Fr. Abolir; It. Abolire ;
Sp. Aboler ;
ABOLI'TION. Gr. Ολεω, ολλυμι, to hurt,
God tokeneth and assigneth the times abling hem to her
proper offices.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. fol. 215.
There is a natural analogy between the ablution of the Perizonius, on Sanctius.
body and the purification of the soul.
Bp. Taylor. Worthy Communicant. To destroy, to deprive of power; to annul, to
So because the common way of making a people holy,
abrogate; to annihilate.
Abolitionist is a modern word, lately of frequent
The inhabitauntes of the north partes being by the meanes
of certayne abbottes and ignorant priestes not a little stirred
and prouoked for the suppression of certain monasteries,
Hearts may be found, that harbour at this hour
and for the extirpacion and abholishyng of the byshoppe of
State Trials. 6 Rich. II. 1883. John Wickliffe.
hrist, and all its quick'ning pow'r;
Rome, saiyng, see frendes nowe is taken from vs fower of
the vii. sacramentes, and shortly ye shall lese the other thre
Whose wisdom, drawn from the deep well of life, : also; and thus the fayth of holy churche shall vtterly be
Tastes of its healthful origin, and flows
suppressed and abholished.-Hali. Hen. VIII. an. 28.
A Jordan for the ablution of our woes.
Couper. Conversation. Thus, M. Hardinge, it is plaine by the judgment of your
owne doctors, that were your auriculare confession quite
abolish'd, yet might the people notwithstandinge haue ful
The warm ablution, just enough to clear
remission of theire sinnes,
The sluices of the skin, enough to keep
Jewel. Defence of the Apologie, p. 143.
A noble crew about them waited round
He hath given it them moreouer to doe these thinges
Armstrong. Art of Health, b. iii.
to his glory, throgh the agreement of faith that they haue
A'BNEGATE, v. Ab-negare (quasi, ne
in the vnitie of his godly truth, to the abolishment of all
Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. i. can. 12.
sects, false prophets, and coniurers of Egipt.
agere, says Vossius), to
Bale. Image of bothe Churches, pt. ii.
or female seed, far abler to resist
Rather so farre are we from thabolishement or thappay-
Tyng of the authoritie of the lawe, that we muche more
maintaine and establishe it. - Udal. Rom. c. 3.
All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell;
Now to thentent that ye may yet farther percieue and se,
God, of his honour, and religion, they may retain the friend-abolycion of Christes faith : it may like you to conferre,
As the most apt and abled instrument
and compare together ii places of hys beggars bill.
Knox. Letter to the Queen Regent of Scotland.
To minister it (poison) to him (Drusus)?
B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act ii. sc. 1. A serpentine generation wholly made of fraud, policies, But my saluation shal be for euer, and my righteousnes
and practices ; lovers of the world, and haters of truth and shall not be abolished.---Bible. Isaiah, li. 6.
godliness ; fighters against the light, protectors of darkness,
persecutors of marriage, and patrons of brothels; abnega. But is nowe made manifest by the appearing of our
Sauiour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath
Id. 2 Timotheus, i. 10.
ABO’ARD, n. On board. See BOARD.
With silly weake old woman thus to fight;---
Great glory and gay spoile sure hast thou got,
And stoutly prov'd thy puissaunce here in sight;
by study. -Bacon. Of Studies, Ess. 50.
And with thy bloud abolish so reproachefull blot.
Certainly the force of imagination is wonderfull, either to
Spenser. Faeric Qucene, b. ii. c. 6.
Mol. That vow perform'd, fasting shall be abolish'd:
None ever serv'd Heav'n well with a starv'd face
for that, that it was a place wt out porte; one part of the
Preach abstinence no more; I tell thee, Musly,
Good feasting is devout.
Ithis, they came to aborde in the porte of Pluilie.
Dryden. Don Sebaslian, Act i. sc. I.
mine whether episcopacy be of divine right, he is sure it is
Bible, Lond. 1539, Actes, c. 21. most agreeable to primitive institution, fittest of all others
Resolv'd he said: and rigg'd with speedy care,
for preserving order and purity, and under its present re-
gulations best calculated for our civil state: he should
A vessel strong, and well equipp'd for war,
therefore think the abolishment of that order among us,
The secret ship with chosen friends he stor'd;
would prove a mighty scandal and corruption to our faith.
Swift. Sentiments of a Church of England Jan.
Dryden. Cymon and Iph.
The abolition of Spiritual Courts (as they are called)
again conveyed, with more sunshine than wind, aboard our
would shake the very foundation on which the establish-
Voyage to Lisbon.
ABLEGATION, n. Lat. Ablegatio ; from Able-ship.-Fielding.
Warburton. Alliance between Church and State.
gare, to send away, to dismiss. See Delegate.
I would at the same time penetrate into their thoughts,
in order to know whether your first abord made that advan- ABOʻMINATE, v. Fr. Abominer ; It. Abo-
Chesterfield. Let. 186.
Lat. Abominari. (Ab-omi-
ABOMINABI.Y. nari, omen velut oremen.
ABOʻDE, v. See to Bode, and to FORE-
ABOMINATION. Festus,) to turn from, as
contention of strength to cause an arbitrarious ablegation
of the spirits into this or that determinate part of the body. ABOʻDEMENT. To see or discern; to shew or deprecari. Junius.
To turn from as ill omened. To loath or abhor,
hate or detest, to accurse or exccrate.
Thei knowlochen that thei knowen god, but bi dedis thei
denyen whanne the ben abomunable and unbilcefful and
Whereas we ought, according to the wise advise of our
Chaucer. Troilus, b. iii. fol. 171.
repreuable to al good werk.---Wiclif. Tyle, c. 1.
Seneca (not much abluding from the counsell of that blessed
The night-crow cryde aboding luckless time.
Shakespeare. 3 Part Hen. VI. Act v. sc. 6.
And he seide to hem, ye it ben that justifyen you bifore
men; but God hath knowen youre hertis, for that that is
Io. Luke, c. 16.
For hither will our friends repaire to vs.
So Ambrose interprets that place of 1 Tim. ii. 4. « Не
Al whom therforc by the whole thousande on an heapo
would have all to be saved," saith he, if themselves will:
(for no fewer he nombreth them) dothe thys dyudyshe
If the sins be not utterly detested and abomined, this is It is much used in compositione Above-board She (Fortune) eyther giues a stomack, and no foode
(Such are the poore in health), or else a feast,
And takes away the stomack, (such are the rich,
That haue aboundance and enjoy it not.)
Shakespeare. 2 Pari Henry IV. Act iv. sc.
Nye ger he was thus in thys lond in bataile & in wo,
He goes lightly, that wants a load. If there be more
An ofte sythe aboue was, and bynethe oftan mo.
pleasure in abundance, there is more security in a mean
R. Gloucester, p. 264. estate.-Bp. Hall. Cont. Herod and the Infants.
The elements due order here maintain,
And pay their tribute in of warmth and rain :
Cool shades and streams, rich fertile lands abound,
And Nature's bounty flows the seasons round.
Otway. Windsor Castle
R. Brunne, p. 32.
The Romans abounded with little honorary rewards, that
Guardian. No. 96.
Through the lighten'd air
Chaucer. Tale of Melibeus. A higher lustre and a clearer calm,
On Lord, on faith, on God withouten mo,
Diffusive, tremble; while, as if in sign
Of danger past, a glittering rohe of joy,
Set off abundant by the yellow ray,
Invests the fields ; and Nature smiles reviv'd.
Aristotle, in his Politics, hath proved abundantly to my
My sonne, if thou art suche in loue,
satisfaction, that no men are born to be slaves except bar-
barians : and these only to such as are not themselves bar-
Of that thou woldest wel acheue.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv.
barians.--Fielding. Voyage to Lisbon.
ABOʻUT, prep. and adv. A. S. Abutan, abuta.
On boda Boda, the first outward ex.
tremity or boundary of any thing. It is variously
written-Abouten, Aboute, About.
Cowley. Christ's Passion.
About is applied to:—the edge or border ap-
the college of physicians is above the rest, yet he himself is approaching or upon the point of being done or
no more than a doctor of physic. --Selden. Table Talk.
coming to pass; to nearness, proximity. It is
And sure if aught below the seats divine
classed by Wilkins among those local prepositions
which respect space in general, and which relate
A soul supreme, in each hard instance try'd;
both to motion and rest, with respect to the inter-
Above all pain, all passion, and all pride.
mediate space betwixt those terms, either direct
Pope. Ep. to Earl Mortimer.
Engelond ys a wel god land, ich were of eche lond best
Y set in the ende of the world, as al in the West.
De see goth hym al aboute, he stont as an yle.
R. Gloucester, p. 1.
Jortin. Discourses, Dis. 1.
ABOʻUND, v. Fr. Abonder; It. Abondare;
Goggomagog was a geand swithe grete and strong.
A boute four and twenti fet me seith he was long,
Id. p. 22
• justly hold, that to
(Ab-unda,) from a wave. And knytte it (a bell] on a coler,
ABU'NDANT. To come or be, to flow, to And honge [it] aboute the cattys halse.
Piers Plouhman, p. 9
I have now ben a court-man all my lif,
And God it wot, though I unworthy be,
And god is myghti to make al grace abounden in ghou, I have stonden in ful gret degree,
he ghaf to pore men: his rightwysnesse dwellith withouten I never hem contraried trewely.
Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9370.
And he seide to hem, se ye and be ye war of alle couertise, Thou blinded God (quod I) forgeue me this offence,
for the lyf of a man is not in the abundaunce of the thingis, Unwillingly I went aboul, to malice thy pretence.
Surrey. Complaint of a Louer, &c
And britheren, we preien ghou, that ghe knowe hem that Who? What an asse am I? I sure, this is most braue,
traueilen among ghou, and ben souereyns to ghou in the That I, the Sonne of the Deere murthered,
lord, and techen ghou that gh have hem aboundauntli in
Prompted to my reuenge by heaven, and hell,
charite, and for the werk of hem haue ghe pees with hem. Must (like a whore) vnpacke my heart with words,
Id. 1 Tessal, c. 5.
And fall a cursing like a very drab,
A scullion ? Fye vpon't, foh. - About my braine,
Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act ii. sc. 2.
Fac. I; if I can strike a fine hooke into him now;
The Temple church; there I have cast mine angle.
Well, pray for me. I'll about it.
The Marchantes Tale, v. 9163.
Jonson. Alchemist, Act ii. sc. 2.
Euery wight in soche yearthly weale habundaunt is holde And as I wake, sweet music breathe
noble, precious, benigne, and wise, to doe what he shall, in Above, about, or underneath,
Pope. Dunciad, b. i.
the contrary of all tho thinges ; but he that can ne neuer so Or the unseen genius of the wood.-Milton. Il Penseroso.
well hin behaue, and hath vertue haboundant, in manifolde
Meditate and inquire with great diligence and exactness
into the nature, properties, circumstances, and relations of
Id. Test. of Love, b. i.
the particular subject about which you judge or agree. You
should survey a question round about, and on all sides, and
extend your views as far as possible, to every thing that has
a connexion with it.-Watts. Logick, pt. iii. c. 4.
First, for your bees a proper station find,
That's fenc'd about and shelter'd from the wind;
For winds divert then in their flight, and drive
Id. The Persones Tale. The swarms, when loaden homeward, from their hive.
Addison. Virgil, Georg. 4.
Sewerly the scripture aboundeth with examples, teching
ABRADE. Fr. Abradunt ; Lat. Alradere,
ABRA'SE. ( Ab-radere,) to rub or scrape ofl.
ABRASION. See Erase.
Before the English, on that fatal ground,
So in the great body of the earth such protuberances may
And with brave spirits France ne'er did more abound. be thrust out, and gradually increased, though not so easily
Drayton. Battle of Agincourt. perceptible in one age, and by this means there may be a
ar Braide.. } deripete
, to snatch or tearráway.
Therfore thei don alle her werkig, that thei be seen of them by decursion of waters.-Hale. Orig. of Mankind, p. 95. There maie no auarice abrege.-Gover. Con. A. b. vii. men: for thei drawen abrond her falateries and magnyfica The fourth in white is Apheleia, a nymph as pure and
hemmes.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 23.
Wherefore to abbridge his [D. of Somerset) power, and to
Hall. Hen. VI. an. 30. Than shal the come a remembraunce
Of her shape and her semblaunce.
Chaucer. being probably the rainenta or abrasions of the other ele- that he wold shewe vnto his sayde sone yo great danger that
The R. of the Rose, fol. 127. ments.-Cheyne. An Essay on Regimen, Dis. i. §. 5. he was in agaynste God for the displeasurys doon to hym, But it ne was so sprede on brede, As the soul acts immediately on pure fire, so pure fire & specyally that he was a cause of the abrygement, or That men within might knowe the sede.
Id. Ib. fol. 132. operates immediately on air; that is, the abrasions of all shortynge, of his dayes. - Fabyan, c. 161. terrestrial things being rendered volatile and elastic by fire, Of Theophylactes authoritie wee never made any great
And I haue thrust my selfe into this maze, and at the same time lessening the volatility and expansive accoumpte. For the most parte of that he writeth, he is Happily to wiue and thriue as best I may; force of the fire, whose particles they attract and adhere to, but an abbridger of Chrysostome.
Crownes in my purse I haue, and goods at home, there is produced a new fluid, more volatile than water or
Jewel. Defence of the Apologie. And so am come abroad to see the world.
Shakespeare. Tam. of S. Act i. sc. %.
Within their stony caves, but rush'd abroad
From the four hinges of the world, and fell
On the vex'd wilderness.-Milton. Par. Regained, b. iv.
Drayton. Richard II. to Queen Isabel.
Qu. M. Speak, then, for speech is morning to the mind,
Dryden. Duke of Guise, Act ii. sc. 1.
The lazie time, if not with some delight !
Shakespeare. M. N. Dreame, Act v. sc. 1.
None (of the bees) range abroad when winds and storms
are nigh, To make an eruption, assault, sally, onset, insur- Beasts too were his command: what could he more ?
Nor trust their bodies to a faithless sky, rection, revolt. In Wiclif we find Debreyd. And
Yes, man he could, the bond of all before;
But make small journeys, with a careful wing,
And fly to water at a neighbouring spring.
Addison. Virgil, Georg. 4. "The past tense is written indiscriminately braide,
Cowley. Davidies, b. i. avraide, and the word is applied to any sudden or
While the national honour is firmly maintained abroad,
The inducement which moved me to think of abridging and while justice is impartially administered at home, the violent action or motion.
it, was a consideration purely extrinsical to the work itself; obedience of the subject will be voluntary, cheerful, and, I This John answered ; Alein, avise thee :
and in effect no other than this: that it would be better might almost say, unlimited, -Junius. Let. 1.
suited to the ease and convenience of some sort of readers,
A'BROGATE, v. Fr. Abroger; It. Abro-
Wynne. Abridgment of Locke's Essay. To Mr. Locke. A'BROGATE. gare; Sp. Abrogar; Lat.
ABROGA'TION. Abrogare. (Ab-rogare.)
of faith, and leaving out the far greater part of them; and
upon a law proposed, to propose a law; and subId. The Squieres Tale, v. 10791.
an abridgment or abstract of any thing, is the whole in sequently, to pass a law: and abrogare legem, to And lightly started vp as one affray'd ;
little; and if it be of a science or doctrine, the abridgment repeal a law : and in this application the word is Or as if one him suddenly did call.
consists in the essential or necessary parts of it contracted usually found in English. Generally, So, oftentimes he out of sleepe abrayd,
into a narrower compass than where it lies diffused in the And then lay muzing long, on that him ill apay'd. ordinary way of delivery.
To repeal, to annul, to abolish, to avoid, or
Beside this, al estatutes, made by king Edward, were
clerely reuoked, abrogated, and made frustrate.
Hall. Edw. IV. an. 9.
I do not abrogate the grace of God; for if righteousness
Moves indignation.-Cowper. Task, b. v.
be by the law, then Christ dyed without a cause.
Geneva Bible, 1561. Gal. ii. 21.
Which fulfyllinge the lawe concluded oure religion within
the lymitis of fayth and loue, all the ceremonies of the As a wit, if not first, in the very first line !
temple, both sacred and carnall abrogated AB-RENUNCIATION. I prefixed perhaps for the
Joy. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 10. sake of giving emphasis to the word Renounce ; itself a compound. See RenouNCE.
ABROACH, v. 1 A. S. Abracan. To break.
The crosier-staff in his imperious hand,
Abroach, adv. To broach a vessel is to break
To be the scepter that controuls the land;
That home to England dispensations draws,
Which are of power to abrogate our laws.
Drayton. Duke Humphrey to Elenor Cobham. wines or their liuings. - Fox. Acts and Deeds, fol. 159.
of a vessel broached or broken into are : i. e. that Not much unlike this severity was the ordinance of The author of the book of ecclesiastical hierarchy, attri- they may be drawn; caused to flow, or pour Zaleucus, the Locrian lawgiver, by which it was appointed, buted to S. Denis the Areopagite, takes notice that certain forth, spread; set afloat.
that whosoever proposed the enacting of a new law, or the unholy persons and enemies to the christian religion, think
abrogation of an old one, should come into the assembly it a ridiculous thing of infants, who as yet cannot under
And whan that I have told thee forth my tale
with an halter about his neck, &c.
Potler. Antiq. of Greece, b. i. c. 26.
Nor is it well, nor can it come to good, made by others for them and in their names.
(This is to sayn, myself hath ben the whippe)
That, through profane and infidel contempt
of holy writ, she (London) has presum'd i'annul
And abrogate, as roundly as she may,
Chaucer. The Wife of Bathes Prologue, v. 5759. The total ordinance and will of God.-Cowper. Task, b.i. that religion which he had long professed, and still believed.
Wood. Athena Oxon.
It appears to have been a usual practice in Athens, on the
establishment of any law esteemed very useful or popular, ABRIDGE, v.
Used with the same appli- He perced the harde roche.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. v. to prohibit for ever its abrogation and repeal,
Hume. Essays, pt. ii. Ess. 10.
ABRUPT, adj. Fr. Abruption; Lat. Absame origin. But the etymology of Menage and
Goldyng. Justine, b. vi. fol. 35.
ABRU'PT, n. ruptio; from Abrump-ere. Ab:
rumpere, ruptum. To break
off, or away from.
Broken off from. GeneTo break off (a part), to take away from the
Drayton, Barons Wars.
ABRUPTNESS. rally used where the breach whole; to lessen, to curtail, to diminish; to bring
Hast thou no friend to set thy mind abroach ?
and separation is sudden or violent, or hasty, or into less space; to contract; to compress. See Good sense will stagnate. Thoughts shut up want air,
unexpected. the quotation from Locke.
And spoil, like bales unopen'd to the sun.
Young. Complaint, Night 2. Broken off, or away, disconnected, severed, disBut isaie crieth for israel, if the noumbre of the children of israel schal be as grauel of the see, the relifs schulen be
The doctrines taught of a metempsychosis, and a future joined; snapped asunder; consequentially, rugged; maad saaf. for sothe a word makynge an ende and abreg
state of rewards and punishments, the Greek writers agree sudden, unceremonious.
Did not I note your dark abrupted ends
Warburton. Div. Legalion of Bloses, b. ii. 3. 4.
of words half spoke ; your “ wells, if all were known !" ! And whan this olde man wende to enforcen his tale by ABROAD. Abrod, R. Gloucester; O brode, Your short "I like not that?" your girds and buts?
Ford. Lore's Sacrifice, Act iii. Ac. 2.
The effects of whose (the sun's) activity are not prech
Or (who shall) spread his aerie flight,
With thulke stroc he sot al of the scolle & ek the croune, Upborn with indefatigable wings
That the brain orn (run) al abrod in the pauiment ther Over the vast abrupt; ere he arrive
The happy Ne. - Nillon. Par. Lost, b. II.