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A SKETCH OF THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THE DISTRICT,

A SKETCH

THE PHY

SIC

L FEATURES

F THE DISTR

BY

HENRY B. MACKESON, F. G. S.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

ASHFORD:
HENRY IGGLESDEN, 94, HIGH STREET;

W. J. THOMPSON; W. MILLER.
LONDON: JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36, SOHO SQUARE.

1871.

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то

S. MUSGRAVE HILTON, ESQ.,

OF BRAMLING HOUSE, KENT,

THIS WORK

IS DEDICATED BY HIS

SINCERE FRIEND,

R. F.

Stephen Spaulding men lana

Sutherad
10-20-34
aurla in 3)

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

СНАР.

PAGE

INTRODUCTION.—THE BRITONS.—THE DRUIDS ... ... ... 1

THE ROMAN INVASION... ... ... ... ...

OCCUPATION OF BRITAIN BY THE ROMANS

IV. INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY INTO BRITAIN ... ... ... 30

THE DEPARTURE OF THE ROMANS, AND SETTLEMENT OF THE

SAXONS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 38

THE CITY OF ANDERIDA, OR ANDREDES-CEASTER ...

VII Æsc TO ETHELBERT. --THE FOREST.–THE MARK.—THE OWNEB 54

VIII. ETHELBERT TO EGBERT ... ... ... ...

IX. THE FIRST CHARTERS RELATING TO THE FOREST ...

X. EGBERT TO ALFRED ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

XI. ALFRED THE GREAT ... ...

XII., XIII. THE CIVIL AND ECCLESIASTICAL DIVISION OF KENT ... 99, 110

XIV. EDWARD THE ELDER TO HAROLD ... ... ... ... ...

XV. FURTHER CHARTERS RELATING TO THE FOREST.-ANGLO-SAXON

LAW-SUITS, AND WILLS ... ... ... ... ... ... 142

XVI. ANGLO-Saxon RANKS AND INSTITUTIONS ... ... ... ... 154

XVII. ANGLO-SAXON LAND TENURES.—THE WITAN.-SHIREMOTES

AND FOLKMOTES. —TRIAL AND THE ORDEAL ... ... 174

XVIII. THE ANGLO-SAXON CHURCH.—PAROCHIAL SYSTEM.-TITHES ...

XIX. THE LAST OF THE FOREST UNDER THE ANGLO-SAXON SOVE-

REIGNS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

XX. THE NORMAN INVASION.---THE CONQUEROR IN KENT ... ... 210

XXI., XXII., XXIII. THE DOMESDAY SURVEY ... ... 216, 231, 242

XXIV. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM.—THE MANOR AND ITS Court ... ...

XXV. WILLIAM Rufus.-HENRY I.-THE EARL, SHERIFF, COURT OF

EXCHEQUER, CORONER, BAILIFF.-CORPORATE Towns ... 277

XXVI. THE ANCIENT CITIES, Towns, AND CORPORATIONS OF KENT... 290

XXVII. THE “SEVEN HUNDREDS " IN THE WEALD

XXVIII. KING STEPHEN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 325

XXIX. HENRY II.-RICHARD I.

XXX. KING JOHN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 353

XXXI. THE FORESTS OF KENT AND THE FOREST LAWS.—THE OTHER

PRINCIPAL WOODS IN THE COUNTY ... ... ... ... 371

XXXII. THE CHURCH IN ANGLO-NORMAN TIMES ... ... ... ... 395

XXXIII. THE KENTISH Roars.-ARCHIEPISCOPAL RESIDENCES ...

408

APPENDIX.-GEOLOGY OF THE WEALD ... ...

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